What is Life?

Life, classically, is that which acts against what is non-self to maintain itself. A reproducing locus of being that guards against non-being. It exists spatially and temporally, becoming amongst being. Life is the being that becomes; the becoming that is. To give a scientifically precise definition to life, we can perhaps turn to Schrodinger, who … Continue reading What is Life?


For Kierkegaard, repetition, in contrast to (the Platonic) remembrance, a forward drive. It awaits a certain fresh recurrence of the wondrous beginning. It is an anticipation of pure faith, incomprehensible but necessary. (Reminding one of K's more famous lines, "life can only be understood backwards but it must be lived forward.") Repetition is, in some … Continue reading Repetition

Collective Guilt

What excites me most in philosophy are the making and clarifying of concepts that are muddled in everyday thinking. Hannah Arendt is a great practitioner of this, and here is one of her brilliant distinctions. Following the Holocaust, Arendt found it necessary to draw a distinction between guilt and responsibility. Guilt is to deserve punishment. … Continue reading Collective Guilt


Sometimes what sounds the easiest is often the hardest. As everyone who is trying to lose weight can attest, "eat less", "sleep better", "exercise more", are deceptively difficult. The same goes for thinking. In its most elementary, thinking is opening oneself to the other within oneself, to sit down and listen to that seed within … Continue reading Thinking

12 Step

“Higher Power”. “Inner Child”. “Trauma”. A 21st century technological inept human being cannot but cringe when those words are uttered. Indeed, the entire 12 Step program is cringe and corny all the way through. Its simplicity verges on brutality, One almost cannot help but treat it with irony and sarcasm. Because it really is ridiculous. … Continue reading 12 Step

Being Ethical

Out of the thinkers I know, Kant most rigorously theorized Ethics, tying it with Duty, Categories, Freedom, Universal Law, Causality (outside of nature), Immortality, and God. But his insight is remarkably simple: the very state of acting ethically is qualitatively different from everything else we do (what he calls "pathological actions"). It must be done … Continue reading Being Ethical