Observation to be explained: We are much more annoyed when we expect something really, really awesome to happen when what happened was only mildly great than when we suffer a small discomfort. (E.g. feeling extremely upset going to a real expensive restaurant that you’ve heart—from friends and reviews—is great, and finding it tasting just slightly … Continue reading Upset

Man the Maker

What is the antidote to transience? The fact that everything enters and everything goes? The futility that bubbles out of death and dying? What can anchor us and provide us with meaning in the symbolic order of identities, where one thing is equivalent to another? (E.g. money, status, abstractions. Not terrible in themselves, but often … Continue reading Man the Maker

A Theory of Biological Consciousness

To replicate, Biological systems need to satisfy three criteria: 1. Survival 2. Reproduction 3. Fidelity of copying—and, since most biological systems that exist are optimized for replication (since this is the process by which natural selection occurs), most are tethered to these three criteria. On the level of the organism, the dynamic self-replication of the … Continue reading A Theory of Biological Consciousness


Guilt, I think, is one of the transcendentals of life, what Karl Jaspers calls the Ultimate Situation—what is inescapably thrown with oneself into existence (if I sound too pessimistic, here I write with the irredeemable guilt of spending the last 23 minutes of my life on YouTube watching god-knows-what). It rises out of a natural … Continue reading Guilt

What is Hell?

—This was written before sleep in that weird state where nothing is inhibited and word just flows out of one's fingers without regard for its content. Hence the melodrama, and the sense of (false?) pathos in the words. Originally advice to my good friend Josh who has, recently, fallen prey to Football Manager 2021. Extended … Continue reading What is Hell?